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Macomb County Directory of Cities, Townships and Courts

Explanation of the Michigan Criminal Court System

In Michigan, adult criminal misdemeanor cases are handled in the district courts. Felony cases always begin in the district courts but may be moved to the higher court (circuit) after Preliminary Examination unless a resolution can be achieved at the district court level (example: reducing a felony to a misdemeanor).

District Courts

Michigan’s district courts have jurisdiction to conduct trials and impose sentencing for misdemeanor cases. A misdemeanor is defined an offense with a maximum possible sentence of 1 year or less in the county jail. A felony is defined as a criminal matter that can carry more than 1 year, up to life in prison. District courts can administer felonies for the initial arraignment on the warrant/complaint and through Preliminary Examination. District Courts have jurisdiction for:

  • Misdemeanors through trial.
  • Sentencing up to a maximum of 1 year in jail and 2 years probation.
  • Felonies through preliminary examination but not trial.
  • Traffic tickets (civil infractions).
  • Civil lawsuits under $25,000.
  • Small claims lawsuits up to $6,000 (increased to $7,000 in 2024).
  • Landlord-Tenant Evictions.
Macomb County Disctricts Map
Map of Macomb County District Courts

There are 105 district courts in the State of Michigan. Only the Grosse Pointe Communities continue to maintain municipal courts in the State of Michigan. The geographical location and the number of judges approved for a district court is determined based upon population and the court’s caseload. Districting can change based upon growth and traffic in a region. For illustration, the 41-A District Court in Shelby Township has only 1 judge presiding over matters that occur in Shelby Township, Macomb Township and Utica; an area of approximately 72 square miles. Compare this to the 40th District Court in St. Clair Shores which has 2 judges presiding over a land area of 14.28 square miles. As population expansion and court volume increases in geographical areas, additional judgeships and updated court buildings are approved based upon redistricting measures. The 41-A District Court in Shelby Township has already been given approval for a new court building which implies that a second judge may also be approved based upon the growing population in north Macomb County.

Links to Macomb County Courts, Cities, Townships

By clicking a link on the graph below to a particular court and geographical area, you will learn specific information about the selected jurisdiction and corresponding court system. We go a step further by providing practical advice not available anywhere else on the internet if you have a criminal, driving under the influence or traffic matter in any of these courts.

Link to Macomb County CourtJurisdiction
Macomb County Circuit Court
16th Judicial Circuit
40 N. Main
Mt. Clemens, MI 48043
Macomb County
Macomb County Juvenile Court
10 S. Main
Mt. Clemens, MI 48043
Jurisdiction over juveniles that reside in Macomb County
37th District Court
8300 Common Rd
Warren, MI 48093
38th District Court
16101 E 9 Mile Rd
Eastpointe, MI 48021
39th District Court
29733 Gratiot Ave
Roseville, MI 48066
40th District Court
27701 Jefferson Ave
St Clair Shores, MI 48081
St. Clair Shores
41A District Court - Sterling Heights
40111 Dodge Park Road
Sterling Heights, MI 48313
Sterling Heights
41A District Court - Shelby Division
51660 Van Dyke
Shelby Charter Township, MI 48316
Shelby Township
Macomb Township
41-B District Court
22380 Starks Drive
Clinton Township, MI 48038
Clinton Township
Harrison Township
Mt. Clemens
42-1 District Court, Romeo
14713 33 Mile
Romeo, MI 48065
Armada and Armada Township
Bruce Township
Ray Township
Richmond Township
Washington Township
42-2 District Court, New Baltimore
35071 23 Mile Rd
New Baltimore, MI 48047
Chesterfield Township
Lenox Township
New Baltimore
New Haven
District Court Criminal Procedure

Misdemeanor Procedure: A misdemeanor is defined as a lesser criminal offense than a felony with a maximum punishment of 1 year in jail. The district court has jurisdiction over criminal offenses that are classified as misdmeanors for all stages of the proceedings, including trial. Misdemeanor proceedings in the Michigan (and Macomb County) district courts include the following:

  • Arraignment: First stage where charges are read and bond is set. Arraignments for most misdemeanors can be waived in Macomb County if an attorney is hired and files the necessary documentation with the court beforehand.
  • Pretrial Conference: The pretrial conference is a crucial stage of criminal process whereby negotiations between criminal defense lawyer and prosecutor.
  • Plea Proceeding: If a plea bargain is achieved, the accused will appear before the judge and enter a plea.
  • Trial: If a plea bargain is not achieved, the accused is entitled to a trial pursuant to the 6th Amendment of the United States Constitution.
  • Probation Investigation: Following a plea, or guilty verdict, the court may refer the matter to the probation department for an investigation, report and recommendations regarding sentence.
  • Sentencing: At this phase, the court will read the probation report and listen to any comments by the defense attorney, the defendant, the prosecutor and the crime victim(s). For misdemeanors, sentence cannot exceed 1 year in jail and up to 2 years probation.

Felony Procedure in District Court: A felony is defined as a more serious criminal offense which can carry more than 1 year to life in prison. The felony process begins at the district court level but trials for felony cases are handled by the circuit courts in Michigan. Felony proceedings in district courts include the following:

  • Arraignment: First stage where charges are read and bond is set. Bond is a huge factor which can be set extremely high for felony cases. Having an attorney at this phase is crucial.
  • Probable Cause Conference: There are many possible moves at this level including a plea bargain to a misdemeanor (keeping the matter in the district court), negotiating for dismissal, agreeing to advance the case to the circuit court, scheduling the preliminary examination. If there is plea bargain to misdemeanor, the plea and sentence will occur in the district court.
  • Preliminary Examination: This hearing may be waived or held. If held and the court finds that there is probable cause to believe the crime was committed, the matter will be bound over to the circuit court for all future proceeings. An experienced criminal defense lawyer knows when it is a wise decision to wavie the preliminary examination or when there are possible benefits by holding it.
Abdo Law Link for detailed Felony Procedure Information

ABDO LAW is a premier criminal and drunk driving defense law firm that has been based in Macomb County for more than 35 years. Our criminal defense lawyers have represented more than 10,000 clients in every Metro-Detroit Court (Macomb County, St. Clair County, Oakland County, Wayne County). Our clients consist of adults, juveniles that need skillful criminal representation from lawyers with the highest national ratings. In addition, we routinely represent clients from other states and Canada that find themselves in need of an efficient and effective Michigan criminal defense lawyer.  

Email or Call Abdo Law for a Free Consultation. Phone messages after business hours are forwarded to our attorneys. We offer same day, evening, weekend appointments and the ability to retain us over the internet. Payment plans and all credit cards accepted.

CALL: Metro Detroit: 586-412-5555 or Toll Free: 844-Got-Abdo

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